DERMATOGLYPHIC AND ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICATORS OF RESIDENTS OF DIFFERENT ECOLOGICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS OF TAJIKISTAN AND THEIR INTERRELATIONSHIP
Department of Medical Biology with the basics of genetics of the Avicenna Tajik State Medical University
Study Purpose. To study the relationship of types of papillary patterns of fingers and anthropometric parameters of people from different ecological and geographical regions of the Republic of Tajikistan.
Material and Methods. RThe results of dactyloscopic data and a number of anthropometric indicators of (body weight, height, shoulder grip, forearm, hip, chest and tibia circumference) a) students from high mountainous regions (n = 33), who are indigenous people of Sugd region`s districts and GBAO, b) students (n = 89) arrived from the middle mountainous regions of this region and from of Dushanbe city, as well as students from low-mountain areas of the Sugd region (n = 117) aged from 17-21 arrived to study in the ATSMU of Dushanbe city.
Results. The differences in anthropometric parameters are more pronounced and found in large values of both longitudinal and latitudinal characteristics of high mountainous regions. Lr, A and W-patterns most frequently characterized for longitudinal body parameters (height) while Lu and W patterns is relevant to the latitudinal. In this case, A and W-patterns are almost always characterized by a group of individuals with high values of anthropometric parameters and L-patterns with small. A significant and statistically reliable (p <0.05) linear correlation observed between dermatoglyphic and anthropometric signs.
Conclusion. As a result of the study, a descriptive characteristic of the main dermatoglyphic and anthropometric signs of relatively healthy young males and females (high-mountain, middle-mountain and low-mountain) living in different climatic and geographical regions of the Republic of Tajikistan was provided. It was revealed that the differences in the types of papillary patterns are significant and result of different adaptations to different climatic and geographical conditions. The obtained data about changes of dermatoglyphic and anthropometric features can be used as a standard of the constitution (an indicator of normal development) for male and female group aged 17-21 years of the studied region. In addition, these data are valuable in forensic and forensic practices for personal identification. Moreover this data is valuable for forensic medicine and criminalistic practices in the identification of person.
Key words: dermatoglyphics, anthropometry, climatic and geographical regions, students
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Information about author:
Rizoeva Oybibi Aitkulov – assistant of the Department of medical biology with fundamentals of genetics ATSMU; e – mail: firstname.lastname@example.org