FEATURES OF ANTHRAX IN CHILDREN OF AFGHANISTAN
NIKBIN S.KH., RAKHMANOV E.R., GULYAMOVA N.M.
Department of Infectious Diseases of ATSMU
Study Purpose. To study some features of the course about the skin form of anthrax in children in the provinces of Afghanistan.
Material and Methods. A total of 59 children under the supervision of skin form anthrax in the infectious diseases section of the Herat regional hospital in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan were under observation. Of the total number (59) of the patients we examined, there were 30 (52.2%) boys’ children, 29 (45.2%) girls. The diagnosis of “anthrax” was made on the basis of clinical and anamnestic, epidemiological and laboratory data.
Results. Among the surveyed 59 patients, younger children from 6 to 10 years prevailed (81.7%). In 18 cases (15.6%), the disease was detected in older children under 16 years, living in rural areas. The epidemiological history revealed a causal relationship of infection with the early involvement of children in animal care due to difficult social conditions. The severity of the clinical picture of the disease is due to the localization of carbuncles and late treatment in a medical institution.
Conclusion. With the skin form of anthrax in children, a severe course of the disease is regularly observed (71.2%), with the predominant localization of carbuncles in the head and neck. Due to the complex socio-economic component of the life of the population in the republic, there is a later appeal of patients for help, which aggravates the course of the disease.
Key words: Afghanistan, anthrax, children, clinic, immunity, efficiency
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Information about authors:
Nikbin Sayed Khalil – aspirant of the Department of Infectious diseases Tajik State Medical University named after Avicenna; tel.: (+992)915869090; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Rakhmanov Erkin Rakhimovich – Head of the Department of Infectious Diseases of the Tajik State Medical University named after Avicenna, MD, Docent; tel.: (+992)937853535
GuIyamova Nazira – Assistant of the Department of Infectious diseases, Tajik State Medical University named after Avicenna, MD, PhD; tel.: (+992) 107 2402538